Ruby で OpenGL

Ruby でも OpenGL が使えるようですが、日本語ではぐぐっても古い情報が多いので、できるかやってみました。Linux Mint 17.2, Ruby 2.2.3 で確認しました。

'OpenGL' という Gem(公式HP)を入れればいいのですが、その前に LinuxOpenGL 関係のライブラリをいれる必要があります。公式HP には

  • libgl1-mesa-dri
  • libglu1-mesa
  • freeglut3
  • libgl1-mesa-dev
  • libglu1-mesa-dev
  • freeglut3-dev

を入れよとあるので、僕はすべて「ソフトウェアの管理」(パッケージマネージャ)から入れました。既に入っているのもありました。

Gem のインストールは僕は Bundler でやりました。Bundler を使っていない場合は gem install opengl で OK です。また、'Glu と ''Glut' という Gem も必須のようなので、これも入れました。あとは、ここのサンプルコードで試したところ、実際にできました。これだけのことで OpenGLRuby で使えます。使い方は公式HP に書いてあります。

なお、ここのマウスでぐるぐる動くティーポットはやってみたかったのですが、何故かエラーが出てダメでした。僕の能力ではここまでですね。
※追記 ちゃんと動きました。ただし元のコードに require 'glu'include Gl, Glu, Glut を追加する必要があります。) 

Gem のネット上のサンプルコードを、ここにまとめました。参考になれば幸いです。


公式HP をよく読んでみたら、exmple というフォルダにサンプルコードがたくさんありますね。例えばこんな画像が描けます。

コードは以下。Bundler を使っていない人は、require 'bundler/setup' を消して下さい。
aapoly.rb

#
# Copyright (c) 1993-1997, Silicon Graphics, Inc.
# ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
# Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for
# any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
# copyright notice appear in all copies and that both the copyright notice
# and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that
# the name of Silicon Graphics, Inc. not be used in advertising
# or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software without specific,
# written prior permission.
#
# THE MATERIAL EMBODIED ON THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED TO YOU "AS-IS"
# AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR OTHERWISE,
# INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  IN NO EVENT SHALL SILICON
# GRAPHICS, INC.  BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANYONE ELSE FOR ANY DIRECT,
# SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
# KIND, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION,
# LOSS OF PROFIT, LOSS OF USE, SAVINGS OR REVENUE, OR THE CLAIMS OF
# THIRD PARTIES, WHETHER OR NOT SILICON GRAPHICS, INC.  HAS BEEN
# ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSS, HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
# ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
# POSSESSION, USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
#
# US Government Users Restricted Rights
# Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to
# restrictions set forth in FAR 52.227.19(c)(2) or subparagraph
# (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software
# clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 and/or in similar or successor
# clauses in the FAR or the DOD or NASA FAR Supplement.
# Unpublished-- rights reserved under the copyright laws of the
# United States.  Contractor/manufacturer is Silicon Graphics,
# Inc., 2011 N.  Shoreline Blvd., Mountain View, CA 94039-7311.
#
# OpenGL(R) is a registered trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc.
#
# aapoly.c
# This program draws filled polygons with antialiased
# edges.  The special GL_SRC_ALPHA_SATURATE blending
# function is used.
# Pressing the 't' key turns the antialiasing on and off.
require 'bundler/setup'
require 'opengl'
require 'glu'
require 'glut'
include Gl,Glu,Glut

$polySmooth = true

def init
  glCullFace(GL_BACK)
  glEnable(GL_CULL_FACE)
  glBlendFunc(GL_SRC_ALPHA_SATURATE, GL_ONE)
  glClearColor(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0)
end

NFACE=6
NVERT=8
$indices = [
  [4, 5, 6, 7], [2, 3, 7, 6], [0, 4, 7, 3],
  [0, 1, 5, 4], [1, 5, 6, 2], [0, 3, 2, 1]
]

def drawCube(x0, x1, y0, y1, z0, z1)
  v = [[],[],[],[],[],[],[],[]]
  c = [
    [0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0], [1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0],
    [0.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0], [1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0],
    [0.0, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0], [1.0, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0],
    [0.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0], [1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0]
  ]

  # indices of front, top, left, bottom, right, back faces

  v[0][0] = v[3][0] = v[4][0] = v[7][0] = x0
  v[1][0] = v[2][0] = v[5][0] = v[6][0] = x1
  v[0][1] = v[1][1] = v[4][1] = v[5][1] = y0
  v[2][1] = v[3][1] = v[6][1] = v[7][1] = y1
  v[0][2] = v[1][2] = v[2][2] = v[3][2] = z0
  v[4][2] = v[5][2] = v[6][2] = v[7][2] = z1

  glEnableClientState(GL_VERTEX_ARRAY)
  glEnableClientState(GL_COLOR_ARRAY)
  glVertexPointer(3, GL_FLOAT, 0, v.flatten!.pack("f*"))
  glColorPointer(4, GL_FLOAT, 0, c.flatten!.pack("f*"))
  glDrawElements(GL_QUADS, NFACE*4, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, $indices.flatten.pack("C*"))
  glDisableClientState(GL_VERTEX_ARRAY)
  glDisableClientState(GL_COLOR_ARRAY)
end

# Note:  polygons must be drawn from front to back
# for proper blending.
display = proc do
  if ($polySmooth)
    glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT)
    glEnable(GL_BLEND)
    glEnable(GL_POLYGON_SMOOTH)
    glDisable(GL_DEPTH_TEST)
  else
    glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT)
    glDisable(GL_BLEND)
    glDisable(GL_POLYGON_SMOOTH)
    glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST)
  end

  glPushMatrix()
  glTranslate(0.0, 0.0, -8.0)
  glRotate(30.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0)
  glRotate(60.0, 0.0, 1.0, 0.0)
  drawCube(-0.5, 0.5, -0.5, 0.5, -0.5, 0.5)
  glPopMatrix()
  glutSwapBuffers()
end

reshape = proc do |w, h|
  glViewport(0, 0, w, h)
  glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION)
  glLoadIdentity()
  gluPerspective(30.0,  w.to_f/ h.to_f, 1.0, 20.0)
  glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW)
  glLoadIdentity()
end

keyboard = proc do |key, x, y|
  case (key)
    when ?t ,?T
      $polySmooth = !$polySmooth
      glutPostRedisplay()
    when ?\e
      exit(0)  # Escape key
  end
end

# Main Loop
glutInit
glutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DOUBLE | GLUT_RGB | GLUT_ALPHA | GLUT_DEPTH)
glutInitWindowSize(500, 500)
glutInitWindowPosition(100, 100)
glutCreateWindow($0)
init()
glutReshapeFunc(reshape)
glutKeyboardFunc(keyboard)
glutDisplayFunc(display)
glutMainLoop()